This short note reviews two decades of significant case law developments in the environmental impact assessment process in India. EIA was first introduced as a regulatory requirement in 1994. EIA reflects the constant struggle to balance economic development with ecological integrity in the context of a developing country. The Courts have developed a rich jurisprudence thereby considerably deepening and widening the EIA process.
Public resistance to environmental and health safety risks from radiations emanating from cell phone towers has been sporadic but spatially and temporally widespread in India. Civic actions have been led by civic activists, resident welfare associations, gram panchayats, lawyers, scientists and even an actor from the Bombay film industry. Large scale technical systems like cell- phone towers are remarkably resilient to public criticism. Industry response to such resistance is usually in the form of aes- thetic tinkering to hide structures from public gaze, incremental regulation and science communication to assuage public doubt. The legislature rather than Courts has been more responsive to such civic actions.
The Covid-19 narrative spotlights the necessity to conserve biological diversity (biodiversity) including ecosystems and wildlife. Biodiversity problems are global, and associated governance issues range beyond geographical and spatial boundaries. The globalisation and internationalisation of biodiversity concerns have resulted in the emergence of biodiversity legal frameworks designed to conserve and sustainably use our planet’s biological resources.
This eLearning resource package contains ten modules on key topics in Environmental Law which can be used to supplement face-to-face or online teaching
The ADB Sustainability Report 2020 provides detailed information on the economic, social, and environmental impacts of ADB’s operations, activities, and institutional practices for 2018 and 2019.
Technology in the commercial context would mean 'knowledge of how to make use of the factors of production, to produce goods or services for which there is an economic demand'. Technology innovation both hurts and helps the environment. Therefore, intellectual property, by promoting innovation may be both good and bad for the environment. However, technology, as far as Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) are concerned, works for the benefi t of the environment. ESTs can be considered to be those benefi cial environmental technology innovations which provide a net environmental benefit compared to existing technologies in terms of resources consumed, wastes produced, and risks to human health and the environment, for example, waste management technologies for solid and hazardous wastes, products and methods for cleaning up pollution, recycling equipment, and processes.
The concept of community management of natural resources makes sure that resources are used in the most sustainable fashion. However, any such community management becomes meaningful only if it truly represents the interest of all members of the community, irrespective of caste, gender, and other societal hierarchies. Considering an androcentric society like India, the role or participation of females in the environmental decision making process is substantially lesser than that of their male counterparts. It is imperative to understand if the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) framework in India is inherently gendered, or is it the practice of it that generates gendered outcomes. There is a need to adopt a gender-specific approach to analyse the EIA process and practice in India and see its contribution to the existing gender divide in the Indian society.
This publication is a collection of papers and articles on various sustainable development and environmental governance topics covering environmental protection, rural tourism, biotechnology issues, environmental trade, timber trade, role of women, human rights, renewable energy, the judiciary, and constitutional laws in India.
The relationship between human rights and contributions to knowledge has been at the centre of important debates over the past several years. The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural rights is in many ways the most crucial legal instrument through which the relationship between the two fields can be examined.1 Firstly it recognize for instance the rights to health food, technology, which are some of the rights whose realization can be affected in developing countries that adopt or strengthen intellectual property rights framework based on the commitments they take under the TRIPS(Trade related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) or other intellectual property. Secondly, it recognizes at Article 15(1) C, the need to reward individuals and groups that make specific intellectual contributions that benefit society.
Climate change has become one of the greatest global environmental challenges that the world government has ever faced. Its impacts are both locally and globally experienced with the poor countries, small Island States and less developed countries facing the gravest ills and evils of it. However, even though the impacts of climate change are globally experienced, they are also felt unevenly from one region to another and this has led to what can be referred to as climate injustice.
Tourism is both vulnerable to climate change while at the same time contributing to it including direct and indirect impacts such as more extreme weather events, increasing safety concerns, water shortages, biodiversity loss and damage to attractions at destinations, among others. Continued climate degradation and disruption to cultural and natural heritage negatively affect the tourism sector resulting in the reduction of the attractiveness of destinations and lessen economic opportunities at the national and the international level.
This article focuses on the environmental challenges faces as it urbanizes. It begins by highlighting features of urbanization; its fast pace and more growing megacities.
While much of public awareness on climate change has grown due to newspaper headlines, magazine cover stories or movies like The Inconvenient Truth, one cannot help but accept that a part of it can be attributed to climate change advocates who are rigorously pursuing climate change matters before courts worldwide.
ECOLEX is a comprehensive database on international treaties and national environmental laws prepared by the IUCN in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme and the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation:
Law schools vary in structural approaches, with some core compulsory subjects and various electives. This helps in catering for diverse student needs in terms of preparation for legal practice and law for intellectual or other purposes.
FutureLearn offers a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so learning can be done around the participants’ schedule.
ENTRI is a cooperative effort for accessing multilateral environmental treaty data run by The Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). It has contributions from organisations such as IUCN, UNEP and Tufts University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.
To establish a framework for co-operation in the sustainable development, utilisation, conservation and management of the Mekong River Basin.
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) provides information about policies and regulations about conservation and management of natural resources and environment.
Take online courses in environmental science, natural resource management, environmental policy and civic ecology. Learn how to solve complex problems related to pollution control, water treatment and environmental sustainability with free online courses from leading universities worldwide.
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