Technology in the commercial context would mean 'knowledge of how to make use of the factors of production, to produce goods or services for which there is an economic demand'. Technology innovation both hurts and helps the environment. Therefore, intellectual property, by promoting innovation may be both good and bad for the environment. However, technology, as far as Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) are concerned, works for the benefi t of the environment. ESTs can be considered to be those benefi cial environmental technology innovations which provide a net environmental benefit compared to existing technologies in terms of resources consumed, wastes produced, and risks to human health and the environment, for example, waste management technologies for solid and hazardous wastes, products and methods for cleaning up pollution, recycling equipment, and processes.
This publication is a collection of papers and articles on various sustainable development and environmental governance topics covering environmental protection, rural tourism, biotechnology issues, environmental trade, timber trade, role of women, human rights, renewable energy, the judiciary, and constitutional laws in India.
Climate change has become one of the greatest global environmental challenges that the world government has ever faced. Its impacts are both locally and globally experienced with the poor countries, small Island States and less developed countries facing the gravest ills and evils of it. However, even though the impacts of climate change are globally experienced, they are also felt unevenly from one region to another and this has led to what can be referred to as climate injustice.
While much of public awareness on climate change has grown due to newspaper headlines, magazine cover stories or movies like The Inconvenient Truth, one cannot help but accept that a part of it can be attributed to climate change advocates who are rigorously pursuing climate change matters before courts worldwide.
This article highlights some of these legal barriers and showcases examples from the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the Republic of Fiji where the countries have embarked on legal modernisation.
This Synthesis Report is based on the reports of the three Working Groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), including relevant Special Reports. It provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5).