The ADB Sustainability Report 2020 provides detailed information on the economic, social, and environmental impacts of ADB’s operations, activities, and institutional practices for 2018 and 2019.
Technology in the commercial context would mean 'knowledge of how to make use of the factors of production, to produce goods or services for which there is an economic demand'. Technology innovation both hurts and helps the environment. Therefore, intellectual property, by promoting innovation may be both good and bad for the environment. However, technology, as far as Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) are concerned, works for the benefi t of the environment. ESTs can be considered to be those benefi cial environmental technology innovations which provide a net environmental benefit compared to existing technologies in terms of resources consumed, wastes produced, and risks to human health and the environment, for example, waste management technologies for solid and hazardous wastes, products and methods for cleaning up pollution, recycling equipment, and processes.
The concept of community management of natural resources makes sure that resources are used in the most sustainable fashion. However, any such community management becomes meaningful only if it truly represents the interest of all members of the community, irrespective of caste, gender, and other societal hierarchies. Considering an androcentric society like India, the role or participation of females in the environmental decision making process is substantially lesser than that of their male counterparts. It is imperative to understand if the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) framework in India is inherently gendered, or is it the practice of it that generates gendered outcomes. There is a need to adopt a gender-specific approach to analyse the EIA process and practice in India and see its contribution to the existing gender divide in the Indian society.
This publication is a collection of papers and articles on various sustainable development and environmental governance topics covering environmental protection, rural tourism, biotechnology issues, environmental trade, timber trade, role of women, human rights, renewable energy, the judiciary, and constitutional laws in India.
The relationship between human rights and contributions to knowledge has been at the centre of important debates over the past several years. The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural rights is in many ways the most crucial legal instrument through which the relationship between the two fields can be examined.1 Firstly it recognize for instance the rights to health food, technology, which are some of the rights whose realization can be affected in developing countries that adopt or strengthen intellectual property rights framework based on the commitments they take under the TRIPS(Trade related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) or other intellectual property. Secondly, it recognizes at Article 15(1) C, the need to reward individuals and groups that make specific intellectual contributions that benefit society.
Climate change has become one of the greatest global environmental challenges that the world government has ever faced. Its impacts are both locally and globally experienced with the poor countries, small Island States and less developed countries facing the gravest ills and evils of it. However, even though the impacts of climate change are globally experienced, they are also felt unevenly from one region to another and this has led to what can be referred to as climate injustice.
Tourism is both vulnerable to climate change while at the same time contributing to it including direct and indirect impacts such as more extreme weather events, increasing safety concerns, water shortages, biodiversity loss and damage to attractions at destinations, among others. Continued climate degradation and disruption to cultural and natural heritage negatively affect the tourism sector resulting in the reduction of the attractiveness of destinations and lessen economic opportunities at the national and the international level.
This article focuses on the environmental challenges faces as it urbanizes. It begins by highlighting features of urbanization; its fast pace and more growing megacities.
While much of public awareness on climate change has grown due to newspaper headlines, magazine cover stories or movies like The Inconvenient Truth, one cannot help but accept that a part of it can be attributed to climate change advocates who are rigorously pursuing climate change matters before courts worldwide.
Law schools vary in structural approaches, with some core compulsory subjects and various electives. This helps in catering for diverse student needs in terms of preparation for legal practice and law for intellectual or other purposes.
To establish a framework for co-operation in the sustainable development, utilisation, conservation and management of the Mekong River Basin.
The Supreme Court specifically has framed the issue of environmental protection as a public good – and therefore in terms of rights and entitlements to clean air, healthy environmental, pollution free water, etc. However entitlements to these public goods cannot be absolute – since in certain circumstances they may have to be balanced with other public goods – like opportunities for employment generation and other related economic development goals.
This paper aims to seek the possibility to ratify and implement the Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress, and to explore whether the legal design could be adopted in several issues.
This article discusses the available liability and redress mechanism provided for in the Indonesian legal system, particularly under civil law as well as regulations on the environment, food, health, consumer protection, hazardous substances, and plantations.
Introduction to International Environmental Law by Anne Burnett: an electronic source guide to international environmental law maintained and regularly updated for the American Society of International Law
In environmental law, the imprimatur of the Court’s judicial philosophy is most striking in the case of T N Godavarman v Union of India. It demonstrates how institutions self- reflect on their roles, especially in a federal polity. Do the actions of the Supreme Court push the limits of judicial activism? Can they be seen as judicial adventurism? These questions are explored in this case note on Godavarman.
This chapter explores the legal, institutional and policy framework that underpins environmental management and sustainable development in Southeast Asia.
Can a tribunal deliver justice? By posing this rhetorical question we attempt to historically contextualize the introduction of the tribunal system of adjudication in India.
The principle of sustainable development has evolved to occupy centrality in environmental jurisprudence in India. The Supreme Court has reiterated its importance in the country’s environmental legal regime. However, the jurisprudence has been criticised for framing it as a zero sum game where economic development has been repeatedly used as a justification to trump environmental violations, and therefore, rendering it as only declaratory and lacking in content and sufficient teeth to shape public action.
This article highlights some of these legal barriers and showcases examples from the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the Republic of Fiji where the countries have embarked on legal modernisation.
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