Designing the Implementation of Liability and Redress for Biosafety in Indonesia


The issue of liability and redress with regard to transboundary damage to biological diver- sity was one of the topics of discussion during the negotiation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress (NKL Supplementary Protocol) is a progressive addition for this. This paper aims to seek the possibility to ratify and implement the Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress, and to explore whether the legal design could be adopted in several issues. According to the present progress in national regulations, Indonesia has already pro- vided relevant provisions that could benefit the implementation of the Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress.