Nepal is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia. It has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area , bordered by China in the north and India in the south, east, and west.  It contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest mountains.   Nepal is ranked the second poorest country in Asia in terms of GDP per capita, after Afghanistan.

Deforestation due to overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives; contaminated water due to human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff and industrial effluents; wildlife conservation and vehicular emissions are the main environmental concerns in Nepal.  The country is party to a number of international environmental agreements on Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands.  Like Indonesia, Nepal has signed the Marine Life Conservation agreement but it has not yet ratified it.  Hence, the Nepalese government has already taken steps to combat environmental issues.