India is the 7th biggest country by area in Asia and it is the second most-populous country in Asia after the PRC.  In 2015, the Indian economy was the world's 7th largest by nominal GDP and 3rd largest by purchasing power parity.  Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare.

Environmental degradation in India has been caused by a variety of social, economic, institutional and technological factors. Rapidly growing population, urbanization and industrial activities have all resulted in considerable deterioration in the quality and sustainability of the environment.   From these identified environmental issues, we can imagine the impact that they have caused in terms of diseases, health issues and long-term livelihood for a large number of people in India.